Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Edward Snowden Alerts US Citizens on NSA Surveillance Programs

New Delhi (ABC Live): Speaking via teleconference, former U.S. National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden on Monday called for more public oversight of the U.S. secret surveillance practices and better online security measures to protect the public.
Snowden, who is currently living in Russia under temporary asylum, spoke to an audience of thousands at the South By Southwest Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas. This is his first public appearance to American audience since last summer.
Snowden said the NSA surveillance programs are “setting fire to the future of the Internet.”
“I took an oath to support and defend the (U.S.) Constitution and I saw that the Constitution was being violated on a massive scale,” he said, appearing on video screens with an image of the U. S. Constitution as a backdrop.
“We need public advocates. We need public oversight,” said Snowden. He accused U.S. lawmakers of “cheerleading the NSA instead of holding them to account.”
“There’s a political response that needs to occur, but there’s also a tech response that needs to occur,” said Snowden. He urged the tech companies to further tighten safeguards and called on people like the attendees at the annual festival to step up to help protect the public’s privacy.
“You guys are all the firefighters and we need you to help us fix this,” he told the audience.
Snowden’s disclosures of the NSA surveillance programs since last summer have stirred up controversy and criticism home and abroad and a foreign relations crisis with its allies for the Obama administration. The former NSA contractor is facing espionage charge for his disclosures.
Obama offered a series of proposals to change the NSA’s controversial surveillance practices earlier in January. Highlights of his proposals include pulling back part of the NSA’s bulk collection of U.S. citizens’ phone records.
Obama directed the Justice Department and the intelligence community to develop options for a new approach of the domestic phone collection without the government holding the metadata. They are expected to report back to Obama before March 28.
Source: ABC Live

India’s Pollution Responsible for Himalayas Glacier Melting

New Delhi: Increasing pollution is not only harming Kolkata’s citizens – it’s also a likely contributor to climate change taking place in the Himalayan region.
According to a 2012 report by the New Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment on air quality in Kolkata, seven out of every ten people in the city suffer from some form of respiratory ailment: not surprisingly, traffic policemen and the city’s thousands of street dwellers are among the high risk groups.
Air pollution, particularly related to diesel fuelled vehicles that jam Kolkata’s roads, is also linked to the city’s unusually high levels of lung cancer.
Meanwhile the government’s own Central Pollution Control Board gives Kolkata and New Delhi the unenviable status of being joint winners of India’s most polluted city prize.
All this is not just bad news for people living in Kolkata and India’s other major urban conglomerations. The increasing air pollution in India’s cities – particularly those in the northern parts of the country – also has an impact on the degree of melt taking place in glaciers in the Himalayas.
Diesel fumes, along with smoke from coal burning, cooking fires and the burning of waste, are among the main sources of particulate matter called soot or black carbon. Recent studies suggest that funeral pyres and even the burning of incense at temples are also contributors to the accumulation of soot.
This black carbon rises into the atmosphere and is driven by winds on to the snow or ice in the Himalayas, darkening the surface and in the process reducing reflectivity and causing the surface to absorb more heat.
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), based In Kathmandu, Nepal, is the only trans-boundary organisation looking at climate developments across the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region.
According to ICIMOD estimates, black carbon is likely responsible for a large part – around 30% by some calculations – of glacial melt in the region.
It says most of the black carbon deposited in the Himalayas and in the southern area of the Tibetan Plateau comes from the plains of India, while black carbon on the eastern and northern parts of the Plateau originates in central China.
Bigger harvests
ICIMOD says that while data is limited, studies suggest black carbon may not only be a factor in hastening the melt of mountain glaciers – it could also substantially alter rainfall patters and affect the behaviour of the monsoon.
While many well-organised environmental NGOs and other groups have formed in India in recent years, the environment – and climate change – does not come high on the political agenda.
A late 2013 study by the World Bank and the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) said that up to a million deaths could be avoided each year in the Himalayan region by cutting back on emissions of black carbon and methane.
The study also said that regional yields of crops such as rice and wheat could be significantly improved by reducing black carbon.
“The health of people around the world will improve greatly if we reduce emissions of black carbon and methane”, says Jim Yong Kim, the World Bank president.
“Limiting these emissions will also be an important contributor to the fight against climate change.”
Republished in interest to save environment of Earth.
Source: ABC Live

World Economic Forum Selects 15 Indians As Young Global Leaders for 2014

GENEVA, March 11 (ABC Live):the World Economic Forum (WEF) announced here on Tuesday the list of 214 people from over 60 countries who were selected as the Young Global Leaders for 2014.
Among the chosen young individuals who were recognized for their leadership and service to society, half came from the private sector and half from the public sector, including academia, arts and culture, civil society, government, media and non-profit organizations, according to WEF.
With half as females, the young global leaders for 2014 included 17 individuals from East Asia, 46 from Europe, 17 from Latin America, 18 from the Middle East and North Africa, 48 from North America, 17 from South Asia and 19 from sub-Saharan Africa.
There were 14 young indian faces among the total 17 from South Asia, rest 3 are from Pakistan.
South Asia Young Global Leaders for 2014
  1. Pallavi S. Aiyar Author and Journalist The Hindu and Free Lance India
  2. Farhan Akhtar Film Director, Actor, Screenplay Writer, Singer, Producer and Choreographer Excel Entertainment Production House India
  3. Sachin Bansal Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer India
  4. Avani Davda Chief Executive Officer Tata Starbucks Limited India
  5. Mohit Joshi Vice-President and Head, Financial Services and Insurance Unit, Europe Infosys Ltd India
  6. Roshni Nadar Malhotra Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer HCL Corporation Ltd India
  7. Vishwarupe Narain Country Head Texas Pacific Group India
  8. Nandini Piramal Executive Director and Head of Human Resources Piramal Enterprises Limited (PEL) India
  9. Rishad Premji Chief Strategy Officer, IT Business Wipro Limited India
  10. Anoop Ratnaker Rao Chief Operating Officer Naandi Foundation India
  11. Chiki Sarkar Chief Executive Officer Penguin Random House India India
  12. Parmesh Shahani Head, Innovation Laboratory Godrej Industries Ltd India
  13. Anurag Thakur MP & National President BJYM (BJP’s Youth Wing) India
  14. Ratheesan Yoganathan Co-Founder and Group Chairman Lebara Group India
  15. Sabeen Mahmud Founder T2F Pakistan
  16. Ali J. Siddiqui Chief Executive Officer Mahvash and Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation Pakistan
  17. Mosharraf Zaidi Founder and Campaign Director Alif Ailaan – Time to End Pakistan’s Edu
All those who made the list were chosen from over 2,000 candidates after having been evaluated according to specific criteria including their proven track record and commitment to society.

Source: ABC Live

Wednesday, December 4, 2013

UNSC Removes Name of Serbian illicit Arms Dealer Slobodan Tesic Form Travel Ban List

New York (ABC Live):The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1521 (2003) concerning Liberia decided on 29 November 2013 to Remove  of Serbian illicit arms dealer Slobodan Tesic from the list of individuals subject to the travel restrictions imposed by paragraph 4 (a) of resolution 1521 (2003) (the travel ban list).  The measures no longer apply to Mr. Slobodan TEŠIĆ.

Source: ABC Live

Dinesh Singh Rawat Says:

UNSC decision to remove the name of Serbian illicit arms dealer Slobodan Tesic from the list of individuals subject to the travel restrictions imposed by paragraph 4 (a) of resolution 1521 (2003) has raised the eyebrows of many geopolitics annalists like me, It would be interesting who compromises were made with him is questiond to know?

Monday, December 2, 2013

BJP May Field Raja of Amethi’ Sanjay Singh Against Rahul Gandhi

NEW DELHI: The BJP is strongly considering fielding Sanjay Singh against Rahul Gandhi in Amethi.

 If Singh is nominated by BJP, the Congress vice-president will face an opponent who's a flamboyant, wealthy and controversial local leader, who used to be a close friend of Gandhi's father, Rajiv Gandhi, and who's also currently a Congress MP.

A very senior BJP leader confirmed to ET that Singh, currently Congress MP from Sultanpur and often called the 'raja' of Amethi, is being strong  candidate to give tough fight to Congress MP, Rahul Gandhi in elections 2014. 

Source: The Next Prime Minister of India 

Dinesh Singh Rawat Says: BJP will try to entangle Congress main poll campaigner, Mr. Rahul Gandhi in his own constituency by fielding  Raja' of Amethi, Mr. Sanjay Singh against him.I considered that it may bring wining margin of Mr. Gandhi to some extend low but do not have potential to give him tough fight in Amethi.But I would say it will be a smart move in the part of BJP to put psychological pressure on Congress and woulf not bother Gandhi in Amethi.

Sunday, December 1, 2013

Modi Wants Jammu Kashmir A Better Not Beggar State

Jammu, Dec 1: Two persons were killed in a blast here ahead of BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi's Lalkaar rally.

Security arrangements were beefed in and around M A Stadium, the venue of the rally in the heart of the Jammu city. 

Teams from the Gujarat Police as well local police and Central Reserve Police Force left no stone unturned to ensure foolproof security for the rally. 
Six persons were killed in blasts during Modi's rally in Patna on October 27, resulting in a major political fight between the BJP and its opponent parties. Restrictions were imposed on several roads as part of the security measures. 

The army also extended a helping hand to the police and administration to ensure safety and security in and around Jammu.

Modi concludes his speech. 2.35 pm "For a government, it should be always India first. The government has only one mantra, which is development for all." "I am challenging those in power from this stage." 

2.32 pm "Can't an IIM be made in Jammu and Kashmir?" "No PM came to Jammu and Kashmir before Atal Bihai Vajpayee for 14 years. He preached three mantras: Insaniyat, Jammuriyat, Kashmiriyat." 

2.25 pm "Why not a road to Kailash be laid through Leh? Nepal is reaping the benefits now. Why can't J&K take the benefits?" "J&K had been a popular venue for film shooting. Why didn't the Indian government focus on J&K on the 100th year of Indian cinema. There could be a film institute here." 

2.23 pm "Can't J&K be made an improved state through boosting the tourism and herbal medicine industry?" 

2.21 pm "They don't want Jammu and Kashmir to be strong. They want it to be a beggar but the state will prove it is a better state and not a beggar state." "Should Jammu and Kashmir be a separate state or a super state?" 

2.16 pm Modi attacks Jammu and Kashmir CM Omar Abdullah. "Has Omar's sister has got the same right as like him?"

2.12 pm "Discrimination is being made between men and women in the state." "Corruption is rampant in Jammu and Kashmir. Should law to prevent corruption be there in the state or not." 

2.11 pm The Centre makes rules but are they being implemented in Jammu and Kashmir, asks Modi "Whether Article 370 has done anything good or bad should be discussed."

2.04 pm Modi rakes up the names of Sarabjit Singh and Chamel Singh, both of whom were brutally assaulted and killed in Pakistani prison. He said the Centre is not bothered even when its own people are getting killed. "The Centre is sleeping and it will continue to do so in 2014." 

2.00 pm "Was Jawaharlal Nehru right on Jammu and Kashmir or Shyama Prasad Mookerjee?" Modi recalls names of Premlal Dogra, Maqbool Sherwani and various soldiers who fought against terrorists and enemies at the borders.

1.56 pm "Hari Singh's good work was eclipsed by political motives." 
1.53 pm "I salute King Hari Singh. He was a social reformer. He worked for women education and Dalit uplift." 

1.50 pm "I have a very close relationship with Jammu & Kashmir. Someone gave me a 25 year old picture, refreshed old memories." 

Source: The Next Prime Minister of India

Dinesh Singh Rawat Says: 

The speech delivered by BJP's PM Nominee Mr. Narendra Modi was clearly and cleverly scripted to share the right approach through which fortune of Jammu and Kashmir could be flourish, the past 66 years of Indian government approach and outcome of it confirms this.

I would looking forward on the statement given by Mr. Modi in Jammu today, How he think he wants to change the present status of JK as Beggar to Better state in case He becomes the next prime minister of India in 2014. 

Know Who Could Be The Next Prime Minister of India

New Delhi (ABC Live): The Indian democracy is all set to choose government of their choice in early 2014, the 16th times in a row since its independence in 15 August, 1947.

At presently, as per constitution of India, elections for democratic governance should be held for 543 Lok Sabha (Lower House) of Parliamentary constituencies, person securing atleast support of 273 Members of Parliament would be the Next Prime Minister of India in 2014.

As per the Article 74(1), Constitution of India which says, “There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.”

Whereas, the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister as heading the Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of the executive power. 

To quote, Article 53(1), Constitution of India:
“The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.”

The Prime Minister of India apart from the chief of government, chief advisor to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers he also the leader of the majority party in parliament. The prime minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India.

The prime minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system.

The prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet and is responsible for bringing proposal of legislation. The resignation or death of the prime minister dissolves the cabinet.

Constitutional Requirements to Become Prime Minister of India
According to Article 84 of the Constitution of India, which lays down the principal qualifications for member of Parliament, and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, which are also the qualifications for the minister in the Union Council of Minister included prime minister, who has been described as 'first among equals'. 
A prime minister must also have following qualification: 
1.He/she should be a citizen of India.
2.He/she should be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, he must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
3.He/she should be above 25 years of age if he is a member of Lok Sabha or above 30 years of age if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha.
4.He/she should not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
Potential Persons Who Could Become The Next Prime Minister of India.

In present political scenario in India, the ruling Congress Party has unofficially declared its Vice President, and presently Member of Parliament from Amethi Constituency, Mr. Rahul Gandhi as its Prime Minister nominee for general elections 2014, whereas, the main opposition party, the BJP has officially announced Mr. Narendra Modi, present Chief Minister of Gujarat as its prime minister candidate.

One side, Congress aspirant for the post of next prime minister of India, Mr. Rahul Gandhi is all set to contest from Amethi Constituency in 2014 general elections and if elected will fulfill the one of the eligibility to be prime minister of India, which requires his some personal attention towards electors of his constituency apart from rest of India, as he would be the main campaigner for Congress Party. 

On other side, Mr. Narendra Modi may not contest parliamentary election in 2014 to keep himself free for his party by taking the advantage of Constitutional provision, which enables any Indian citizen to become the prime minister of India without becoming the member of either house of Parliament.

Source: The Next Prime Minister of India 

Dinesh Singh Rawat says: The Prime Minister of India gets power from Constitution of India rightly quoted in post. The ABC's search for the next prime minister of India's post has only considered two names, Congress's Mr. Rahul Gandhi and BJP's Mr. Narendra Modi for the next prime minister of India in 2014

It means ABC Team believe that in 2014 general  elections  either Modi Led BJP or Rahul Gandhi led Congress Party would form government  in India.

Also, Modi has advantage of non playing captain of BJP team as compare to Rahul Gandhi, who has compulsion to contest from Amethi for sustaining his claim for the post of prime minister in 2014 elections.

Personally, I also see direct fight both for next PM of India, for rest I do agree with ABC Team conclusion.

For first time in Indian Democratic history of 66 years, India is virtually heading for presidential form  of elections in 2014, where voters have clear-cut choice for the next prime minister of India between BJP's Mr. Narendra Modi and Congress's Mr. Rahul Gandhi.  

If this opportunity in disguise is used by Indian voters nicely then we can expect greater constitutional reforms after 2014 elections irrespective of outcome of elections and Modi or Rahul win.

Great report. Keep it up